The first four stunning images taken by the James Webb Telescope. An image taken by the Webb Telescope was released on Monday, July 11, showing a distant galaxy clearly visible 4.6 billion years ago.
The space agency NASA is releasing four more stunning images of deep space captured by James Webb. Among the new images released are a “stellar nursery”, a ball of gas around a dying star and a “cosmic dance scene” between a group of galaxies. An image shows water vapor in the atmosphere of a distant gaseous planet.
WASP-96 b is an extrasolar giant planet composed mainly of gas. Which was discovered in 2014. The planet WASP-96 b is about 1,150 light-years from Earth, has about half the mass of Jupiter, and orbits its star in just 3.4 days.
This observation was made possible with infrared wavelengths of light. Which scientists were not able to do before. This observation reveals the presence of certain gas molecules based on the mini-diminishment of the brightness of specific colors of light. It’s the most detailed image of its kind to date, demonstrating the web’s unprecedented ability to analyze atmospheres on planets hundreds of light-years away.
Another image reveals new information about the Carina Nebula in the Milky Way Galaxy. The Carina Nebula is the largest and brightest nebula seen in the night sky.
It is located about 7,600 light-years away in the southern Carina constellation. The Carina Nebula is home to many massive stars, several times larger than the Sun. This new image of the web reveals many stars that were not visible before.
At the edge of the nebula in the image, hundreds of never-before-seen stars can be seen in the cloud. The stars were not visible to the human eye due to the large amount of dust and gas present within the nebula.
The region referred to as the Cosmic Rim is actually the edge of a massive, gaseous cavity within NGC 3324, about 7,600 light-years away. This cavernous region of the nebula was formed by intense ultraviolet radiation and stellar wind from the very massive, hot, young star located at the center of the bubble above the area shown in the image.
High-energy radiation from these stars slowly erodes the walls of the nebula, creating such a rough edge. What looks like a jagged mountain is actually the edge of NGC 3324, the young, star-forming region near the Carina Nebula.
Captured in infrared light by the Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam) on the Webb Space Telescope. This image reveals faint regions before star birth. NASA has pointed out several important details in this photo.
First, it’s described as “vapor” but isn’t actually vapor. In fact, intense, ultraviolet radiation is causing hot, ionized gas and dust to flow out of the nebula.
The massive and dramatic plumes that rise above the burning wall of gas repel the ultraviolet radiation of young and newly formed stars. Bubbles and cavities are being inflated by intense radiation from newborn stars and the stellar wind.
Another image shows a group of five galaxies called the Stephens Quintet, 290 million light-years away. Also known as Hickson Compact Group 92. According to the space agency, this massive image is the largest image on the web to date, covering about one-fifth the diameter of the moon. It contains more than 150 million pixels and is created from about 1,000 different image files.
The figure provides new information about the cluster. Out of which millions of stars were born millions of years ago. Due to gravitational interaction, dust and gas tails from several galaxies have spread out from the galaxies in different directions. It looks like the galaxies are doing a cosmic dance. NASA said the “most amazing” image of the galaxy cluster, NGC 7318B, captured a galaxy collapsing and a massive shock wave.
The Southern Ring Nebula, also called the “Eight-Burst” Nebula, is originally known as a planetary nebula. It is an expanding cloud of gas surrounding a dying star. It is about half a light-year in diameter and about 2,000 light-years from Earth. Webb captured two separate views of the Southern Ring Nebula in both mid-infrared and near-infrared.
The bright star at the center of NGC 3132, when viewed in the near-infrared light of the Webb Telescope, reveals a second star. The dispersion of its brightest stars is visible in the lower left along one of the spikes.
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It has emitted at least eight layers of gas and dust over thousands of years. And the visible star in the center of the nebula is helping in this work. This star has been sending out rings of gas and dust in all directions for thousands of years.
The star helped stir the gas inside. In doing so, the planet changed the shape of the nebula’s highly complex ring. Pairs of stars are bound in a tight orbit. which eject material from different directions as they orbit each other. This results in the formation of these scratched rings.
Not only is this a stunning image of a planetary nebula, it also shows us the vastly distant objects in space behind it. The clear red part of the planetary nebula and all the regions beyond it are full of distant galaxies. The bright angled line in the upper left is not starlight. It is a distant galaxy seen edge-on.
NASA’s Webb Telescope has revealed for the first time the dust mantle surrounding the second star, shown in red at left, at the center of the Southern Ring Nebula. It is a warm, dense white dwarf star.
As it evolves into a white dwarf, mass is periodically ejected from the star. So why is the red star still covered in dust? Has the material moved from its companion? Researchers will soon begin searching for answers.